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Focus

Performance and responsabilities axis

Since the ANR contract on the regulatory potential of CSR run by J. Brabet from 2006 to 2011, the IRG has been carrying out research works that contribute to the emergence of a new conception of performance. It involves identifying the conditions and contexts for the emergence of new trade-offs between potentially conflincting economic, social and environmental issues on the one hand, and identifying and analysing alternative organisations able to fulfil such ambitions on the other.

In extending these ambitions, the work during the period is structured around three specific dimensions:

1/ Consideration of ESG (Environmental, Societal et of Governance) criteria by investors (SICAVs or OPVMs), and their impact on the evaluation of companies or new financial products, such as green bonds.

2/ The appropriation of sustainable development discourses and practices by retailers and consumers in the food sector.

3/ The implementation of CSR strategies and organizational methods adapted to the achievement of economic, environmental and social objectives.

The research projects in this axis are divided into sub-themes:

Souad Lajili-Jarjir (IRG), Aya Nasreddine (CEROS), Marc Desban (IRG) and Martin Lebelle (IRG)

Within the framework of this research project, particular attention is paid to the extra-finanical rating of companies and Socially Responsible Investments (SRI). Many investors seek to optimize their investment choices not only on the basis of financial criteria, but also by incorporating social, ethical and environmental concerns. Given this evolving situation, the objective of the first part of this project is to identify one or more evaluation models that are most relevant for action, with and without extra-financial rating, in the financial markets. Moreover, the growing involvement of national and supranational policies with these issues has changed the regulations imposed on compagnies (in terms of reporting on their compliance with environmental, social and good governance criteria, or ESG, in their practices) and asset managers (through Article 173 of the Energy Transition for Green Growth Act and the Paris Climate Agreement signed at COP21). The orientation of investments towards socially and environmentally responsible sectors has led to the emergence of new financial instruments such as Green Bonds. The second part of this project, conducted in collaboration with Amundi Asset Managment, aims at analyzing and understanding this complex and innovative financial product.

Valérie Pallas (IRG) and Evelyne Rousselet (IRG)

This thematic research group focuses on the responsible management of banks. Banks have undergone major changes since the mid-1980s under the impact of their external environment's evolution: deregulation, globalization of the economy, new technologies. This time of intense change was followed by a period of financial crisis and then, economic and reputational crises that raised numerous issues around banks' governance, the evolution of their model, their link with the state and their legitimacy in society. This multidisciplinary research group examines the tensions and responsabilities related to the management of the banking business in this context. These tensions and responsabilities are questioned through the relationship that banks have with their various stakeholders: shareholders, members of cooperative banks, customers, employees, direct or indirect competitors such as crowfunding platforms, and civil society actors, such as microfinance institutions.

Amina Béji-Bécheur and Bénédicte Vidaillet, in partnership with the Laboratory of Sciences, Innovations and Society [LISIS] (Evelyne Lhoste)

Alternative organizations (AOs) aim at producing new ways of thinking about the social relationships involved in work, consumption, financing, remuneration and exchange. Do they contribute to it? Can we identify new knowledge stemming from these organizations? What is the potential for changing society through by these AOs?

The research group adresses these issues, through examining numerous cases, within a research ethics that allows the conditions for the creation and development of such organizations to be identified, along with their potential limitations and contradictions.

To this end, the group considers how actors conceive their organizations and the knowledge they produce and disseminate. It is noteworthy that some of these actors are very active in thinking, theorizing and sharing their on-going experiences. A research study on AOs therefore calls for forms of research that go far beyond a position of observation or control from above and allow integration into the collectives and the work of conceptualization and production of knowledge that they undertake.

This theme takes part into the PICRI PAP-SCIC series of projects (http://www.popess.fr/) and continues in a new ESADICAS (étude socioanthropologique des dispositifs collectifs d'acculturation à la sobriété) project funded by the ADEME : https://esadicas.hypotheses.org/

Arnaud Thauvron (IRG), Pierre Astolfi (IRG) Sylvie Lecarpentier-Moyal (ERUDITE) and Jacques Printemps (LAMA)

The concept of the discount rate is central to finance and accounting. By making it posible to convert a future sum into a present value, it is at the core of evaluation procedures. The evolution of interest rates in recent years calls into question many certainties. Therefore, the definition, estimation, and use of discount rates by professionals need to be examined.

As part of this project funded by the French Accounting Standards Authority (ANC), we want to focus on estimating these rates through a multidisciplinary team of researchers in finance, economics and mathematics.

 

 

The services company and services to the company axis

The researches carried out within this axis aim at studying the impact of the characteristics of services - especially, the participation of customers and users in production, management and innovation (Abramovici, Chevrier and Jougleux, 2015). In particular, this research is currently examining the adaptation of services to vulnerable populations (e.g. low-income, disadvantaged or elderly customers and users), and the impact of the organizational changes that these adaptations entail on employees themselves. During the period, contributions on the axis are articulated around three topics.

1/ The various forms of customer participation.

2/ Transformation of organizations with a view to supporting this participation.

3/ The impact of these changes on employees. 

The research projects in this axis are divided into sub-topics:

I-SITE "3ES" e Project, in partnership with Eiffage - 2018-2020

The participation of inhabitants, users and residents is a growing concern in projects regarding sustainable development. This dimension includes a renewal of practices in terms of information, awareness, dialogue, participation, and even, co-construction of the development projects regarding societal concerns (changes in conduct) and social ones (inclusion).

Human sciences, literature and arts are innovative and creative ways to include political, economic, cultural and civic actors, other neighbourhoods of the city, the inhabitants and future inhabitants of the neighbourhood to the project.

Within the ISITE-EIFFAGE project, the project-group will particularly focus on the new purposes intended for the project (the third place with the organiation "Le Grand Réservoir", the urban farm, the services for users), the communicative tools of the SEMOP and the share of the project's values (project house), but also the territorial marketing tools, including the development history of the town.

The research is organized around four goals:

  • (Re)inventing the city with literary works
  • Collecting and analysing women's testimonies to create new mobility services
  • Setting residents as actors, co-constructing a constitutional confidence
  • Overturning the living space, emotional impact and communications: making sense of a co-construction with residents

Abdelmajid Amine (IRG), Audrey Bonnemaizon (IRG), Margaret Josion-Portail (IRG) in collaboration with the CEpia laboratory (Clinical Epidemiology And Ageing) - Institut Mondor de Recherche Biomédicale (EA 7376)

The project, which began in 2016, studies the service relationship and transitions of patients aged 75 and over, between home and short hospital stays. The care of elderly patients is a major challenge for the public authorities because of the ageing of the population and the societal, economic and public health issues that this phenomenon generates. This research uses an ethnographic approach that combines semi-structured interviews (with health professionals, patients and family carers) and observations to study the care service relationship, from the perspective of continuities and breaks between elderly patients' homes and where they are hospitalized.

This research anticipates making contributions at two levels: at the theoretical level, the representations and the identity construction/dissolution of the elderly patients; and at the organizational level, the (management of the) care relationship with the senior citizens under the paradoxical constraints faced by the health personnel who takes care of them.

Jean-Paul Dumond (IRG) and Eric Hergon (EFS)

Although the hypothesis of donation as a language has been expressed (Godbout 1996; Pierre 2010), deriving from work in structural anthropology and semiology, it has, to our knowledge, never been developed. In view of current work on donation, especially within sociology, the hypothesis has, however, two major advantages. Firstly, it unfetters the interpretation of donation from the impasse of non-remuneration. Secondly, it enables light to be shed on the message for which donation serves as the vehicle. The purpose of the research is to explore the characteristics of donation as a language, namely:

  • the message or messages that gifts express;
  • the differences and similarities between the symbol constituted by the gift and the linguistic sign;
  • the rules that organize the "significance" of the gift and their possible systemic or even structural character.

The method involves analysing the characteristics of donation as a language in four different situation:

  • The ceremonial gift between friends or colleagues in the form of invitations and presents;
  • The gift of blood, where the message appears darker, while the donation process, before and after the gift, remains invisible;
  • The gift is, nevertheless, manifest; the gift in work; the gift is discreet, even secret, and sometimes forbidden when it is associated with corruption;
  • Young children's gifts; since they are unable to use spoken language, infants give rise to investigative problems of another magnitude, but they open up on the possible characterization of the gift as a proto-language characteristic of the human species.

Innovations, changes and resistances axis

The research work in this axis aims at understanding the dynamics of transformation at work at institutional, organizational and individual levels and the interrelations between them, with a view to supporting organisations undergoing these changes. Previously concerned mainly with consumer resistance and changing markets, the research carried out over the period is organized around three sets of contributions that increasingly included questions on the impact of the introduction of digital technologies on actors' competences, the decision-making modalities and of management, but also of its teaching.

The researches carried out within this axis are organized into sub-themes:

Isabelle Vandangeon-Derumez (IRG) and Sylvie Chevrier (IRG)

The project of this group is to anticipate the impact of current mutations (such as globalization, financialization, digitalization, but also the development of the innovation, societal responsability of companies, social and solidary economy, circular and collaborative economy, etc.) on learning and teaching management. As a result to these mutations, new management practices are being developed (strategical, managerial, new organizational forms, etc.), which transform the organizations' operation. Therefore, teachers-researchers have to analyse and put into question these new practices and the ways of they are taught throughout institutions (universities and schools in particular.)

This reflection is based on three axes:

- the first one focuses on knowledge of the learning and teaching of management today to encourage the reflectivity and creativity in the organizations in order to cater for the new economic, environmental and societal concerns;
- the  second one aims at offering tools or pedagogic methods inspired by diverse theorical fields (management, ludo-pedagogy, art-based methods, neurosciences, psychology, history, etc.) and learning supports (digital, experience, fiction, etc.) to increase learners' reflectivity and creativity through their entire life;
- the third one reflects on the positioning and role of institutions (universites and schools but also organisations in a broader sense, as companies, co-working spaces, fabrication laboratories, museums, cities, etc.) as "places" of creation, learning and knowledge transfer.

Mathias Béjean (IRG) and CIME Nanotech (Joseph Fourier University in Grenoble)

In partnership with :

- l’école de design ENSCI-Les Ateliers (Paris),
- le Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (Université Paris Sud, CNRS, Orsay),
- le CoDesign-Lab (Télécom ParisTech),
- l’Institut de Recherche en Gestion (Université Paris-Est Créteil).

Since 2015, the DeSciTech ANR has been exploring how an alliance between sciences and design can create new ways for the formulation and appropriation of scientific knowledge by the different society actors. To this extend, the project is organised around the articulation of the disciplines of conception (design and engineering), hard sciences (physics), human and social sciences, including management sciences and information and communication sciences

https://descitech.hypotheses.org/

Cathy Krohmer, LEST, CNRS Provence and Corse delegation and Justine Arnoud (IRG, Johanna Habib (IRG) and Isabelle Vanangeon-Derumez (IRG)

KETORC directly adresses the links and their evolution through time between the managerial devices (work organisation and human resources management) and the skills developped by the workers in the high technology organisations designing or manufacturing Key Enablig Technologies. Follow the project on its website : https://ketorc.hypotheses.org/